Installation of a weather station must be done properly as it affects the accuracy of measurements. A miscalculated placement may result in the console not being able to receive transmissions from the sensors. Follow our installation guide to efficiently install your weather station.
Prerequisites to setup a Home Weather Station
Unpack the weather station package and observe all the parts
Read the user manual; it will provide comprehensive information about the set up from the manufacturer.
If required, attach wind cups to the anemometer as described and insert lithium batteries in wireless stations.
Connect up any remaining sensors by looking through the instructions and power up the console.
If the readings don’t appear accurate, check reception strength, sensor positions and orientations until you are satisfied.
Proceed by fixing all the sensors and start observing the recorded data.
Weather Station Installation Guide
Placement of the different sensors needs to be just right for accurate readings and optimum weather station usage. Siting is referred to as the steps undertaken to ensure the correct positioning of the weather station. The location is usually affected by local, urban, commercial, and geographical factors.
Factors to Keep in Mind while Choosing the Placement of a Weather station:
Location of the Weather Station:
Weather Station can not be placed according to one’s will. It needs to be placed somewhere with no obstacles or obstructions to record data as they cause transmission problems. The console location and the range of the device need to be considered before choosing a location.
The device can be mounted on the ground or rooftops. Wireless sensors (like anemometers) are mounted on the ground as it is far away from buildings and tall trees. Rooftop mounting can be done when there is a lack of open spaces; however, one needs to be aware of lightning strikes and water leaks affecting the device.
If your weather station is solar powered, then the solar panel installation must face in different directions than the sensors, ensuring that the sensors aren’t prone to any obstructions.
The sensors need to be mounted away from heat sources like exhausts, vents, chimneys, heaters, air conditioners, and other surfaces that can radiate heat and influence the accuracy.
In case there no posts to mount the device, a tripod may be used. A tripod allows you to install a system on it which can be placed on the ground or a rooftop. An arm mount may also be used to place the weather station on exterior walls or fences.
Calibration of the sensors:
Perform site surveys to determine the distance of transmission. Ensure all the sensors are recording data properly and are in an optimum orientation. Wind direction must be calibrated true north, preferably using a compass.
Check that orientation is not done according to the magnetic north. Your barometer can be calibrated by adjusting the offset to match the nearest calibrated weather station.
Position of the Weather Station Sensors
Temperature sensor/ Thermometer:
Radiation sensors: (This sensor is not present in all stations)
Things to Keep in Mind During Weather Station Installation
Owning a personal home weather station has many advantages. The weather reports from the system allow the user to make plans and activities using the relevant data. It makes you independent of regional forecasts and allows you to set custom alarms and alerts, making your life easier.
Installation and set up on these weather stations may seem difficult, but following our weather station installation guide, you can ensure you get accurate and precise readings every time.
About the Author
I am Tim, a weather enthusiast who loves to watch hurricanes and all other harsh weather conditions. I studied B.Sc(Meteorology) at the University of Miami. With excellent knowledge of Weather Forecasting, Meteorology, and Environmental Science, I am currently working in San Francisco as a Meteorologist. Also, I am a member of The Weather Channel and AccuWeather. In this blog, I will write a detailed review of Weather instruments that you need for survival and other activities.